Bleeding gums can be caused by a variety of factors, including:
Gingivitis: This is the most common cause of bleeding gums and is caused by a buildup of plaque on the teeth. Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that forms on the teeth and gums, and if it’s not removed through regular brushing and flossing, it can lead to inflammation of the gums (gingivitis).
Brushing too hard: Using a toothbrush with hard bristles or brushing too aggressively can cause gum recession and bleeding. It’s important to use a toothbrush with soft or medium bristles and to brush in gentle, circular motions.
Pregnancy: Hormonal changes during pregnancy can cause an increase in blood flow to the gums, leading to swelling and bleeding. It’s important to practice good oral hygiene during pregnancy to help prevent gum problems.
Poor diet: A diet high in processed and sugary foods can contribute to gum problems, while a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and foods high in calcium, vitamin A, vitamin K, vitamin C, and magnesium can help support healthy gums.
Health problems: Certain health conditions, such as liver disease, blood clotting disorders, anemia, and leukemia, can cause bleeding gums.
Blood thinning medication: Certain medications, such as aspirin and blood thinners, can cause bleeding gums as a side effect.
Improper technique when brushing or flossing: It’s important to use gentle, circular motions when brushing or flossing rather than scrubbing or sawing.
Toothbrush with hard bristles: using a toothbrush with hard bristles can cause irritation and inflammation of the gums, leading to bleeding. It’s generally recommended to use a toothbrush with soft or medium bristles.
Poorly fitting dental appliances: if you wear dentures or a mouthguard that doesn’t fit properly, it can cause irritation and inflammation of the gums, leading to bleeding.
Mouth injuries: if you accidentally bite your cheek or tongue or sustain an injury to your mouth, it can cause bleeding.
It’s important to see a dentist or medical professional if you are experiencing frequent or prolonged bleeding of the gums, as it can be a sign of an underlying health issue that needs to be addressed.
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